Impact of FCO Travel Advice for your Insurance

Impact of FCO Travel Advice for your Insurance

Today’s journey can almost be described as science. Where many ordinary people think romantic about being careful of the wind and fearlessly embark on adventures with the unknown, we now have to sprinkle those impulsive impulses with careful doses and healthy common sense.
Thank goodness you do not have to pack a crystal ball in your suitcase to ‘get to know’. The miracle of modern technology will give you all the information you need. While traveling to some of the few rare hidden gems in the world such as the Middle East, travel insurance is a must, and it is best to read all the prints well.

Impact of FCO Travel Advice for your Insurance

Play by rules

The world is still, most definitely, a beautiful oyster, full of enormous experience and curiosity. Many travelers feel attracted to less standard goals in pursuit of a truly authentic experience. Since many of these places are not considered ‘typical tourist destinations’, their landscape, culture and way of life are all untouched by the modern western world.

However, when visiting these countries, it is even more important to examine their laws, regulations, and customs before traveling to ensure your own safety and to respect your host. For example, during a visit to the Middle East, travel insurance is an absolute must but so also recognize and respect local traditions in terms of dress, behavior and behavior.

Feasibility test Impact of FCO Travel Advice for your Insurance

Once you’ve researched your proposed goal, it’s time to read all the nice prints on your travel insurance. Should often refer to the FCO website (Foreign and Commonwealth Office) to get the latest report on the physical and political status of any destination country. Fortunately, these updates are easily accessible by computers and phones these days, so stay alert and alert before and during your visit can be second nature.

Also, know that the travel insurance industry, with your best interests, also monitors and follows all recommended FCO travel guides. So, if the FCO says ‘do not go’, you will not be able to afford a decent and comprehensive travel insurance for that purpose.

hot spot

If your destination is in the Middle East, travel insurance may be very expensive and may exclude certain geographical areas of your plan. For example, currently the FCO has advised against all trips to Yemen. Although beaches and landscaping such as in Yemen, civil conflict and terrorist attacks in the country have marked them as an official ‘no-go’ zone. FCO even went so far as to suggest all the foreigners to leave as soon as possible. As a result, no matter how much you decide to spend your Christmas on one of the idyllic beaches in Yemen, you will not be able to buy travel insurance, and it may be difficult to find travel options to the country.

Another suggestion of FCO is more precise and detailed. If you travel to Jordan in the Middle East, travel insurance may be available but may have geographic limits for coverage within the country. FCO is very cautious when visiting Jordan in general, but raises their warning for an area 3 km from the rest of Syria. The potential for wild mortars, small arms fire and terrorist attacks have increased in recent months and pose significant risks to residents and visitors.

Stay alert

FCO is an excellent source of up-to-date information on the political and geographic status of any destination. Most travelers prefer not to put themselves at risk when traveling, especially when traveling for pleasure. The FCO monitors the pulse of world conflict so that travelers can make wise decisions about their safety. Unfortunately, until there is political unrest and violence in the Middle East, travel insurance will remain high or may not be available. The beauty of these countries must wait to be discovered.

2028 Could Be the Year for the Final Olympics

2028 Could Be the Year for the Final Olympics
2022 Beijing Winter Olympics will be coming soon. The government introduced major changes in infrastructure and interested citizens to join in winter sports. As everyone knows, behind prosperity, many stubborn cancers are causing games around the world to be non-healing. The Olympics now weave the carnival itself because of its destruction.

 

One by One Scandal and Institutional Corruption

In the story that the 2012 Olympic city candidate bought more than IOC members and IOC members accepted the bribe was revealed through the Buying the Games program broadcast on BBC Panorama on August 4, 2014. After the broadcast, IOC president Jacques Rogge promised publicly that steps – the steps needed to investigate the purchase event in the 2012 Olympic bid charged in the documentary.

Meanwhile, the medial side also revealed that the same bribery also took place at the 2002 Winter Olympics. After that, FIFA 2015 and IAAF were also involved in a bribery scandal. Issues such as fake games and doping scandals that conflict with fair competition also make sustainable Olympic developments uncertain.

Many stories around the 2022 Beijing Winter Olympics aroused suspicion. For example, as planned, the alpine ski area and layered racecourse will be built in the core area of ​​the Beijing National Songshan reserve. A large number of valuable species such as Lonicera oblata and Cypripedium shanxiense S. C. Chen are found here and many of them can not be preserved through ex situ conservation.

Many Chinese environmental biologists and environmentalists consider that if Olympic venues are developed in such areas, endangered species and integrated ecological environments will be disastrous. The Chinese government intends to get rid of the area from the sanctuary range and choose another area with some rare species as its reserves. In addition, comments on strict adherence to the laws and protection of Songshan National reserves have been widely removed or restricted in China. All these actions have been criticized by some media and biological professionals in China.

Currently, the International Olympic Committee and Beijing Olympic Committee have not provided an explanation for the criticism.

Frequent Doping and Frequency

120 metals, including 41 gold, 36 silver and 43 bronze, have been seized or changed from 1912 to 8 December 2016 (the metal shortage started in 1968). The main reason is doping, while other actions include incorrect acts in the event (2 metals) and false identity (1 medal).
In fact, doping for athletes, bribery for judges and other unfair treatment can always be found in the field all over the world, while the Olympics are the terribly miserable areas of this “accident”. At the Rio Games, nearly 100 Russian athletes are banned for doping. After that, according to documents destroyed by Russian hackers, more than 1000 American athletes took the illegal drugs, but none were punished. 2028 Could Be the Year for the Final Olympics

The former French ice-dancer Sophie Moniotte once stated publicly that, “Our sport has gangrene, in most sports doping is the problem, with figure skating, it’s a deal and a manipulation.” This is nothing new to the figure skating scandal. Almost every World Championships and Olympics have a dispute score and shady deal on the judges. However, it is always left uneasy because of the patience and dishonesty of the organization.

Input-Output is not balanced

On July 31, 2015, Beijing successfully bid for the 2022 Winter Olympics. Before the last vote, Kraków (Poland), Lviv (Ukraine), Stockholm (Sweden) and Oslo (Norway) quit the Winter Olympic bid one by one and the main reason was Financial Problem.

As the largest sports party in the world, the Olympics has always been a big event favored by various countries. Although the Olympics looked crowded, the value of hosting is always questionable. For example, billions of dollars for budget, enormous resource occupation and summons in a short time and a waste of resources because of the lack of future operations are the focus of attention all along. The famous Montreal Olympic Games pay their debts for 30 years. For the Japanese Winter Olympics, even the bidding financial records have been burned down, while the Rio Olympics are making the sluggish economy in Brazil worse. 2028 Could Be the Year for the Final Olympics

According to a study in the host cities from 1962 to 2012 by the University of Oxford, the actual expenditure to organize Olim

Introducing Young Minds to Intriguing India

Introducing Young Minds to Intriguing India

Planning a school trip brings with it more than administrative and organizational responsibilities. The challenge is on the shoulders of educators to choose goals that can engage young hearts and minds in such a way that deep and active learning can be achieved based on their immersion in culture. India is such a place – the school trip to this vibrant center of color and culture can transform life and life that is reinforcing for young minds.
Interesting Indians Introducing Young Minds to Intriguing India

School trips to India are enormous and, depending on the curriculum, can accommodate a myriad of religious sites, community projects, and aspects of local tradition and culture. The most successful trip will incorporate all of this to give a good view to all students in the country, but also some breathing spaces in places that quite often surprise their cultural system. Exploring the Unknown

For a school trip with a focus on economic and socio-political studies, experiencing striking community differences in India can give young learners valuable insights. While observing the pollution and marked trash that accompany daily life may be encountered at times, it provides an excellent opportunity for them to reflect on the need for environmental awareness.

On a different level, a visit to a community project like Father Ravi Shelter, working with homeless children in Delhi, can offer a deeper understanding of the problematic socioeconomic problems of the city and how this dedicated group works to combat them. Introducing Young Minds to Intriguing India

Religious place

A fusion of religious beliefs exist side by side in India, with relics and contemporary ornaments of Sikhism, Hinduism, Buddhism, and Jainism on a constant display. Students will have the opportunity to visit significant places of worship and witness firsthand how, even amidst diversity, tolerance, and peaceful coexistence so vast can and will last forever.

In the holy city of Rishikesh they can join in an important Hindu ritual called Gangga Aarti, which involves fire victims – in this case a small floating candle called diya – sent down the Ganges River, accompanied by prayer and song worship. While in Delhi they can follow the community food program at the beautiful Sikh temple, Gurudwara Bangla Sahib, where volunteers prepare food and visitors of all races and religions are welcome to participate.

Finding Local Culture

The Indian identity is defined by deep cultural intonation. For young people, exploring cities and rural areas allows them to see how ancient traditions and contemporary innovations are closely intertwined.

A visit to the village of rural crafts offers another dimension to the tour, and Dilli Haat is a fascinating portrayal of tradition in action. This bazaar is a compilation of 62 kiosks, whose products are displayed in accordance with the birth status of the owner for 15 days. With a row of beautiful items, ranging from carvings of sandalwood to silk, this is an interesting cross section of the creative industry. Aravali Eco Village offers an immersive experience of a different kind, where visitors stay and get a chance to interact in local dances, crafts, and ceremonies.

Exploring a society very different from them in every way will bring young people beyond their comfort zone and provide a completely new facet with their worldview.

John Gardiner is Managing Director of The School Travel Company, a tour operator specializing in school trips for schools and youth groups to the UK, Europe and beyond. As a father and avid traveler, John is keen to provide students with a valuable and exciting learning experience outside the classroom. By sharing expert advice with teachers, he allows them to inspire their students and continue their studies into life. Introducing Young Minds to Intriguing India

Comprehensive Travel Insurance and Fraudulent Claims

Comprehensive Travel Insurance and Fraudulent Claims

The world and its people keep moving. Greater access to transportation options has opened up the idea and reality of travel for many people. As our travel habits grow and flourish, be an element of good and bad experience.
After quite rarely bother issuing comprehensive travel insurance for your trip, nowadays it is a standard part of booking practice. Since this has become a more general cost for travelers, the industry must become more vigilant against false claims that, in the end, raise interest rates for all of us. Some fraudsters are pretty clever with their false claims – some are not.

 

Growing Industry

Since comprehensive travel insurance has become a necessity more than luxury for travelers, the industry must respond with greater coverage in anticipation of incidents. So much can be wrong when people leave the comfort of their own home and try to find out something unusual. The purpose of travel insurance is to eliminate these fears and not let ‘what if’ stop people from exploring the world. However, overseas environments can increase the likelihood of occurrences of strange events, and some people choose to capitalize on this possibility. Comprehensive Travel Insurance and Fraudulent Claims

The strange and beautiful

Even some legitimate claims made against traveler’s comprehensive travel insurance can sound really made! One claim, recently filed, is for medical expenses incurred after a head injury caused by a coconut. Another claim came from an unsatisfied skier whose holiday was devastated by the snow at the destination – amazingly, the insurance was paid!

Other claims come from unfavorable encounters with wild animals, miscalculation of fitness levels, or impulsive decisions that lead to poor old judgment. The travel insurance industry must stay afloat as claims become increasingly unreasonable and also keep an open mind, since very few are actually beyond the realm of possibility.

With rising claims (both original and fraudulent), travel insurance companies must be literal investigators, sometimes traveling to the home country of the claim, and / or having to collect witness statements to support the claim. Comprehensive travel insurance strives very hard to honor the ‘comprehensive’ element of the services they offer.

Not so smart Comprehensive Travel Insurance and Fraudulent Claims

People who make fake travel insurance claims seem to underestimate the amount of evidence needed to support their claims. Previous travel insurance claims can only be made, filed and believed through a conversation or written statement to your insurance agent.

The common claims are for coverage of lost or stolen items. Travelers these days are bringing more expensive electronic equipment, such as digital cameras, phones or laptops while on vacation with them, as well as other valuables, such as jewelry. Fortunately, our digital age is on the side of an insurance investigator who will ask for proof or purchase, proof of ownership of the photo, and perhaps even witness the event where the item is missing.

For example, after claiming that a very expensive ring was lost while on vacation, a plaintiff was asked to make photographic evidence of the ownership of this ring. Once the photo is submitted, it does not take much investigation talent to see the time / date stamp on the photo, which only proves that the plaintiff still has the ring he has after filing his suit. Try good

Internet is secure

It is understandable that travelers may not want to spend extra money on insurance that they may never use. However, the peace of mind that comprehensive travel insurance pays is just priceless. Those who try to ‘work the system’ rarely achieve their goals and will only raise interest rates for all of us. Fake insurance claims are still a crime, and crimes never pay (literally).

Author Plate

Patrick Chong is the Managing Director of InsureMore, an award-winning specialist team in annual, family, single travel and all other types of comprehensive travel insurance. In addition to offering attractive offers for travel insurance, Patrick also collects and shares the best free travel competitions to help his clients get the most out of their holiday.

4 Tips to Turn Your Bedroom into a luxurious Retreat

4 Tips to Turn Your Bedroom into a luxurious Retreat

The bedroom is a place that is supposed to offer relaxation and rest. The bedroom should be able to offer the best sleep so that you can have a cozy night and wake up refreshed. There is no limit to the décor ideas of the bedroom so you can get as creative as you want. But while decorating the bedroom you should make sure that there is a balance between aesthetics and comfort.
Having a bedroom that is a luxurious retreat is the most important room. To create the perfect bedroom you need to combine the right lighting fabrics and accessories. Here are a few tips that will help in creating a luxurious retreat.

Bed: the focal point:

The bed is the most important piece of furniture in the bedroom. It is the focal point of the room so make sure that it is the most gorgeous part of the whole room. Make sure that the bedding you use is luxurious and ensures comfort. For the chilly weather make sure that you have a 13.5 tog duvet while for summer you should have a light duvet. You can find an extensive variety of colors, designs and patterns so you will always be able to find the one that goes perfectly with the color scheme of the room. If you want to make your bed luxurious then you should never compromise on the quality of the bedding items you use. 4 Tips to Turn Your Bedroom into a luxurious Retreat

Adding lighting sources:

If you want the bedroom to feel like a bedroom of a five-star hotel then you need to pay attention to the lighting sources. The lighting plays a significant role in determining the feel and atmosphere of the room. If you want to create a relaxing and soothing atmosphere then you should make sure you use recessed lighting. Add side lamps to get task lighting. Installing dimmers will allow adjusting the intensity of the overhead lighting according to your preference. Add mirrors so that the light bounces off around the bedroom. it will make the bedroom look comfortable and warm. If you have a small bedroom the mirrors will make it look spacious as well.

The color palette:

The color palette of the room plays an important in making the room soothing and relaxing. The bold prints and colors are not the best choice for creating a calm environment. The pastel colors are a good choice a luxurious and relaxing look. The shades of green and blue are a nice choice. The neutral color base makes it easy to refresh the look of the room from time to time without changing everything because they go well with most of the colors.

Fresh smell:

The smell of the place also affects the atmosphere of the bedroom so make sure that the bedroom smells nice. Natural oils like lavender or light incense can bring a lot of freshness to the room. The nature inspired scents are a perfect way of adding luxury to the room.

If you want to make the bedroom a luxurious retreat then you should make sure that you make high-quality and smart decisions.

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The bedroom is a place that is supposed to offer relaxation and rest. The bedroom should be able to offer the best sleep so that you can have a cozy night and wake up refreshed. There is no limit to the décor ideas of the bedroom so you can get as creative as you want. But while decorating the bedroom you should make sure that there is a balance between aesthetics and comfort.

Having a bedroom that is a luxurious retreat is the most important room. To create the perfect bedroom you need to combine the right lighting fabrics and accessories. Here are a few tips that will help in creating a luxurious retreat.

Bed: the focal point: 4 Tips to Turn Your Bedroom into a luxurious Retreat

The bed is the most important piece of furniture in the bedroom. It is the focal point of the room so make sure that it is the most gorgeous part of the whole room. Make sure that the bedding you use is luxurious and ensures comfort. For the chilly weather make sure that you have a 13.5 tog duvet while for summer you should have a light duvet. You can find an extensive variety of colors, designs and patterns so you will always be able to find the one that goes perfectly with the color scheme of the room. If you want to make your bed luxurious then you should never compromise on the quality of the bedding items you use.

Adding lighting sources:

If you want the bedroom to feel like a bedroom of a five-star hotel then you need to pay attention to the lighting sources. The lighting plays a significant role in determining the feel and atmosphere of the room. If you want to create a relaxing and soothing atmosphere then you should make sure you use recessed lighting. Add side lamps to get task lighting. Installing dimmers will allow adjusting the intensity of the overhead lighting according to your preference. Add mirrors so that the light bounces off around the bedroom. it will make the bedroom look comfortable and warm. If you have a small bedroom the mirrors will make it look spacious as well.

The color palette:

The color palette of the room plays an important in mak

First wooden free-form houses Museum of Bread!

First wooden free-form houses Museum of Bread!

COOP HIMMELB(L)AU designed PANEUM – Wunderkammer des Brotes is the first wooden building in free form!
Meticulously planned, this customer information centre and event forum for the company Backaldrin in Asten, Austria, is an iconic structure comprising two elements: a box-shaped plinth building with foyer and event rooms that can be used for a variety of presentations, receptions or workshops for up to 120 visitors and the Wunderkammer des Brotes (Museum of Bread), a two-storey freeform exhibition area floating on top. The square base building shows a cast-in-place concrete façade while the rounded wood structure of the museum is clad with stainless steel shingles.

 

A centrally chiselled circular atrium is at once the cynosure of all eyes as it is flanked by a robust spiral staircase that invites visitors to pause awhile and take in the exhibited items from various perspectives. The stair provides access to the two exhibition levels, where the objects are displayed with the help of walls, tables, and cabinets that are integrated into the architecture. It further allows for striking vertical displays that take on a chandelier-like appearance, adding on to the visual appeal of the commanding building. The raw aesthetic of the interior is augmented by its self-supporting wood shell with its layers of cross-laminated timber and the natural light that filters in from above the atrium. This method of construction enables the realization of the free form and the high degree of prefabrication with 3D CNC technology that is precision-driven and cuts valuable construction time. It is a step into the future of construction; as Design Principal, COOP HIMMELB(L)AU, Wolf D. Prix says, “3D plotting, 3D milling and building with robots – that is the future of building.”

Preparing Your Furnace for the Winter

Preparing Your Furnace for the Winter

Austin and surrounding areas, it’s almost winter. We know it may not feel like it, but its around the corner, we promise. The oncoming winter means preparing your home and yourself for the change in temperature. The heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) unit inside your space should be at the forefront of your preparation. And during the colder months, maintenance and consistent checks of your unit’s furnace is essential. The furnace of any HVAC unit provides warm air flowing, keeping us nice and toasty while indoors. Heating repair and maintenance is very important. Keeping your furnace happy and efficient, ensures your own happiness and efficiency during the colder months ahead. Here are a few tips from us at Alamo Austin Air Conditioning & Heating:
1. Change those dirty filters once a month. Clogged filters can restrict air flow, both warm and cold – thus damaging your unit and reducing efficiency.
2. Set your thermostat. It may sound foolish, but you’d be surprised. Adjusting the settings of your thermostat could reduce your monthly bill and ensure a more efficient warmth.
3. Check your heating vents. Debris surrounding your heating vents obstructs the flow and circulation of warm air indoors. It also increases the risk of fire.
4. Inspect your burners. Ensure that your burners are clean and the surrounding is clear. A blockage of a burner can become quite dangerous, as it leads to an increase of carbon monoxide during start up.

 

Preparing Your Furnace for the Winter
Your Answer for Heating Repair
Need more help with preparing your furnace for winter? Don’t hesitate to give us a call. When it comes to heating repair, Alamo Austin Air Conditioning & Heating is here for you. As experts in the field of all things concerning heating and air conditioning, we’ve got you covered. For the past 11 years we have been providing Austin and surrounding areas with the best air conditioning and heating service. Preparing Your Furnace for the Winter

Barge Type: Know Your Spitzen From Your Clip

Barge Type: Know Your Spitzen From Your Clip

For newcomers to barge holidays, all barges may look the same. However, there are many types of ships with striking differences in history and design. This model evolved over 200 years, adapting to changing conditions and technology. In Europe, the barge – ships barges – connecting the English Channel, Atlantic Ocean and Mediterranean Sea. Here is a brief overview of the most common vessels you might encounter on your barge vacation.
Tjalks and Klippers Barge Type: Know Your Spitzen From Your Clip

This barging tradition can be traced back to the seventeenth century. Originally wind-powered Tjalks were built of wood; In the nineteenth century, ship builders began to consider the possibility of iron and on twentieth century steel properties exploited by this industry. Therefore, the modern version of Tjalk is constructed of iron or steel, yet retains the stern arch of indigenous wood.

Designed for fast-flowing estuaries and rivers in the Netherlands, the tough Klipper is always built of iron or steel. The use of steel leads to a stronger vessel, although this introduces the danger of corrosion. Klipper’s steering sat under a stern round and ridden with wheels. Barge Type: Know Your Spitzen From Your Clip

Beurtmotor and Luxemotor

Beurtmotor is used for passengers and cargo and often travels to a reliable schedule, replacing steam-powered steamers. It became even more popular with the introduction of diesel engines because their scheduling was more consistent than ever before. Like other barges, Beurtmotor was built to navigate the shallow waters – anywhere between 3 and about 10 feet of water. However this is not a limitation, as most inland waters in western Europe conform to this requirement.

Luxemotor trailblazing was built in the early 20th century and was the first barge to have its own machine. Driving on Beurtmotor’s success, they are quite luxurious with plenty of space – including kitchens and toilets – as well as a pointy bow that is ideal for more open waters.

Spitz

Spitz has a long and varied history. They were built to the standard of Freycinet imposed by Napoleon during the standardization period, and the ship was first withdrawn by hand (or horse). However, after the Second World War many Belgian Spitz ships were kitted out with tank machines that were often disabled. With some adjustments at the stern to fix the wheel, the Spitz Motor version is designed for canals in France, Belgium and the Netherlands.

European Air Line: Our Fleet

The European Airway fleet includes a barge with lots of history behind them. Vacation barges match the history lover and cruise ship enthusiasts. For example, L’Art de Vivre – the oldest fleet – is an English model and built in the First World War to supply allied forces in the Somme. The beautiful Rosa is the Dutch Clipper carrying a variety of cargo in the early 20th century Dutch. Both now enjoy retirement by walking the beautiful streets of France, lovingly recovering in a way that celebrates their stunning legacy. Barge Type: Know Your Spitzen From Your Clip

Paul Newman is a Marketing and E-Systems Executive for European Waterways, the most respected all-inclusive luxury barge provider in France and other major destinations. Part of an experienced barge team, Paul first queued to support a slow-paced barging cruise facility for anyone looking for a unique holiday experience. Barge Type: Know Your Spitzen From Your Clip

For Love Key: The History of the Waters

For Love Key: The History of the Waters

As a barge cruiser, the canal system is a complicated and balanced engineering feat. The keystone that supports this water channel is key. Whether run by key owners, followed up by barge owners, or controlled automatically by computer, the key allows fast and easy barge passage through the countryside. Without this engineering miracle, the canal trip is simply not possible. So, how is the key found and what exactly does it do?
When and Why Are They Invented? For Love Key: The History of the Waters

Rivers have long served as important trade and communication networks. However, this network is limited because the ship can not travel deep inland and it is very difficult to travel up through the river. The key, the invention that allowed the ship to gain or lose altitude, was developed by the Chinese in the tenth century and by the Dutch on the thirteenth. The initial “pound” key focuses on filling and drying small sized rooms, and facilitating the construction of the first independent waterway – or canal – that causes worldwide trade expansion. This arrangement also helps ships travel up or down in the domesticated rivers like the Thames.

This centuries-old invention is used today in some of the most important global trade routes – the Panama Canal, for example – and also allows for more relaxed travel, such as barge cruises. For Love Key: The History of the Waters

How do they work?

As we know, this technical miracle is designed to help boats upstream or downstream. If a ship wants to travel upstream, first the bottom gate should be opened so as to let the key drain. Next, the bottom door opened, and the boat could enter the room. After the gates of the lower and lower gates of the water gate are closed, the gate of the upper water door is opened, the water flows in and the water level rises. The boat is gently lifted to the next level and the top door can be opened safely, so the ship can continue its journey. Once again the same process occurs, but vice versa.

Getting Technical: Flights and Ladders

Engineers working with channels often have to cope with sudden changes. This can often not be handled with a single key, leading to a common feature of a channel called ‘flight’. This term refers to a group of 30 keys adjacent to each other, but with a sufficiently wide range between allowing the ship to pass each other. They gradually raise or lower the barge to the appropriate level. Since each room uses water from the above, the flight uses the same amount of water as a single key.

The more popular setting is the stairs; Here the top gate of one room acts as the lower gate above. To help with this process, the side pool is used to adjust the level perfectly in the upper and lower spaces. Of course, the best way to appreciate this amazing engineering feat is from the gentle barge cruise deck.

Paul Newman is a Marketing and E-Systems Executive for European Waterways, France’s most respected luxury all-inclusive cruise liner provider and other major destinations. Part of an experienced barge team, Paul first queued to support a slow-paced barging cruise facility for anyone looking for a unique holiday experience. For Love Key: The History of the Waters

The Anatomy of an Archipelago

The Anatomy of an Archipelago

For anyone with an interest in natural history, the group of islands collectively known as the Galapagos Archipelago is one of the most fascinating places on the planet. The region is renowned for its unique wildlife and the vital role it played in naturalist Charles Darwin’s research, from which he developed his revolutionary Theory of Evolution.
While the majority of visitors on guided Galapagos holidays arrive to experience a close encounter with the iconic wildlife, learning a little of the area’s geologic history can enrich the experience even beyond expectation.

 

The Anatomy of an Archipelago

The most common way for an archipelago to form is through constant volcanic activity. (They can also form from continental islands, due to erosion or evaporation of water.) Volcanic archipelagos can form in the ocean and in rivers or lakes as they erupt on beneath the surface of the water. When oceanic, the resulting land masses are known as an “island arc”. In many cases this forms as a result of a “hot spot”, in which parts of the Earth’s crust (tectonic plates) continually shift and create friction.

Where two tectonic plates meet and create a hot spot, magma (red-hot molten rock) can push through the sea floor to create an underwater volcano. As tectonic plates continue to shift over the hot spot, the constant eruptions cause lava to build up and up over millions of years until they emerge from the surface of the ocean to create an island.

In some cases, activity ceases when the tectonic plate eventually moves away from the hot spot. But in others, for example in Hawaii and Japan, the island chains continue to evolve, with many of the volcanoes still active today.

The Geology of Galapagos

The Galapagos Archipelago was formed through the repeated movement of the Nazca tectonic plate over millions of years. As it took place over such a long time period, the eastern islands in the chain are actually millions of years older than some of those in the west. The younger ones, like Isabela and Fernandina, for example, are thought to only be around a few hundred thousand years old, and are still in formation today. Some of the older ones, like San Cristobal and Espanola, may be up to five million years old – still relatively young in the history of the world. With the exception of Isabela (which, as the largest, is made up of six), each island was formed from a single volcano.

Due to their volcanic nature, most of the islands in the chain have a similar conical appearance, but they range from those with very low, gentle slopes to some that soar steeply more than 5,000 feet above sea level. It is this varied of topography that has created the astonishing diversity of habitat that supports the magnificent array of unique wildlife – much of which is endemic.

Discover a Unique Region on Galapagos Holidays

The geology and ecology of this isolated island chain make it one of the most unique places in the world. For those who want to learn more, organised small group Galapagos holidays provide the opportunity to explore this rich, bio-diverse part of the planet in an intimate, educational and truly memorable way.